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How to Establish a Curfew with Your Child

If your child falls asleep like this every night, you may need to impose a curfew.

If your child falls asleep like this every night, you may need to impose a curfew.

Eventually, you will no longer be able to just plunk your child in a crib and turn off the lights. When this time comes, you may want to establish a curfew to ensure a good night’s sleep. Or, maybe you want to establish a curfew for an older child, who has never had one. Either way, it’s best to make establishing a curfew as painless as possible.

Edit Steps

For a Young Child

This method is for when your child has just grown out of being carried to bed whenever you want. By establishing good habits now, it will be easier for you later on.

  1. Decide on an appropriate curfew. This should take into account when your child gets sleepy, age, and how long they typically nap during the day. Younger children need more sleep than older children or adults. But each child will vary in how much sleep is needed and you need to take this into account when making your decision.

    • This step should not involve your child.
  2. Tell your child about the curfew. Explain what he/she will have to do prior to that time––for example, get pajamas on; take a bath; brush teeth. Explain that if he/she is not ready to be in bed at the appointed time, there will be consequences.
  3. Make the consequences clear to your child. Some examples could be:
    • You will have to go to bed 15 minutes earlier tomorrow.
    • You will not get dessert tomorrow.
    • You could also explain “conditional consequences” such as, if you were late because you were playing with Thomas the Tank Engine, you won’t be able to play with Thomas the Tank Engine during the hour before you are supposed to be in bed.
  4. Help your child get to bed on time. At this age, children likely won’t be able to bathe themselves or brush their own teeth without supervision. Just gently suggest that they should go take a bath, and remind them of the curfew.

    • Make sure that you or another responsible person are always available to supervise the child’s pre-bed activities. If this part slips, the child will not take the curfew seriously because it will seem you’re not doing so either.

For Older Children

  1. Decide on an appropriate curfew. This should take into account when your child gets tired, age, and what time they wake up in the morning.

    • Depending on the maturity level of your child, you may want to involve him/her in making this decision. Remember that a child is more likely to respect a decision in which he or she has taken a part.
  2. Tell your child about the curfew. Explain what he/she will have to do prior to that time––for example, get pajamas on; finish homework; brush teeth. Explain that if he/she is not ready to be in bed at the appointed time, there will be consequences.
    • Alternatively, for older teenagers, you may want to make curfew the time they must be home by. If you choose to do that, you may want to also make a time by which they must be in bed and that they also must be quiet and respect the other householders’ need for sleep/quiet time.
  3. Explain what the consequences will be. You may wish to say that you will decide on appropriate consequences when the time comes. However, having consequences clearly spelled out in advance creates a sense of consistency and fairness, rather than giving out arbitrary consequences that the child may feel are out of proportion to the broken curfew instance.
  4. Explain what he/she will need to do in order to get an extension of a curfew. As the child gets older, it is reasonable to expect that not every night will be the same bedtime. Extensions might be given in such circumstances as:

    • When asked for, a day or two in advance, for a specific reason.
    • By calling and explaining why you will be late.
    • For a permanent extension, they should prove that they are not tired during the day, and have no problem getting up. By this stage, it is best to shift responsibility for meeting deadlines, getting somewhere on time, etc., onto the child.
  5. Help your child get to bed by the appointed time. Younger children may need a reminder about the time, especially in the beginning. However, even older children can do with being reminded of the time, especially when deeply involved in something they’re enjoying.
    • Sometimes, you may wish to go to bed before an older teenage child. In this case, ask them to turn off the lights and be certain the doors, etc., are all locked. Inform them that you’re going to bed for the night and that you expect them to be in bed by their curfew.

Edit Tips

  • If you notice your child is having a hard time meeting the curfew due to a large amount of homework, this may be a sign that the curfew should be moved later, at least temporarily.
  • Make the consequences suitable for the age of your child.
  • If your child asks for an extension prior to the day they want one, consider granting one. It will make the child accept the curfew better, even if they do not like it.
  • As your child gets older, the curfew should get later.
  • Give your child a little bit of leeway. Going to bed two minutes late should not cause dramatic consequences, and if an older child got home late because of torrential downpours that caused major traffic, this should not be a problem for you.
  • Explanations about consequences for older children are best focused on tiredness and how it spoils opportunities to do things that require focus and energy. For example, by explaining that a decision to stay up late the night before means a child is too tired to enjoy an outing today, the child quickly learns the benefits of getting enough sleep to have plenty of energy for the day’s events.

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How to Make Crispy Parmesan Asparagus Sticks

Crispy Parmesan asparagus sticks are wonderful appetizers that taste like slender, crunchy vegetable fries. They also taste just as good if your asparagus is starting to go limp, so this is a quick appetizer you can make even if your asparagus isn’t fresh and crispy.

Edit Ingredients

Servings: 2

Prep time: 15 minutes

Cook time: 15 minutes

  • 2 egg whites
  • 1/4 cup flour
  • 1 cup panko breadcrumbs
  • 1/4 cup Parmesan cheese, grated
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Edit Steps


  1. Preheat your oven to 425°F/220°C. Place a wire rack on top of a baking sheet and coat the rack with a nonstick vegetable oil spray.
  2. Snap off the tough ends of each asparagus spear. Alternatively, place the spears on a cutting board and slice off the tough root ends.

Making the Batter and Coating

  1. Lightly whisk the egg whites in a small, deep bowl.
  2. Transfer the egg whites to a flat plate once they begin to get fluffy.
  3. Stir together the panko breadcrumbs, flour and cheese in another bowl.
  4. Lightly season the bread crumb mixture with salt and pepper.
  5. Transfer the crumbs to a shallow plate.

Coating the Sticks

  1. Coat each asparagus spear in the egg white mixture.
  2. Dip each spear in the breadcrumbs. Roll each stick around until they’re completely covered in the crumbs.
    • If the crumb coating won’t stick to the spear, dip the asparagus back into the egg whites and re-roll it into the breadcrumbs.

Baking the Sticks

  1. Lay each coated spear on the wire rack.
  2. Place the spears in the oven. Bake them for 15 minutes, or until the spears are golden brown and crispy on the outside.
  3. Remove the sticks from the oven. Place them on a serving platter.
  4. Serve the crispy Parmesan asparagus sticks. Serve with a dipping sauce if desired.
  5. Finished.

Edit Tips

  • Thick asparagus spears will taste extra crunchy.
  • These crunchy spears don’t need a dipping sauce, but you can quickly whip together something as simple as mayonnaise and a dab of mustard.
  • You can use regular breadcrumbs instead of Panko breadcrumbs, but your appetizer won’t be as crispy.
  • If you don’t have a wire rack, you can fashion one out of some foil. Simply take a piece of aluminum foil larger than your baking sheet and crinkle it into a ball. Then quickly un-crinkle it and lay it on your baking sheet. It will be somewhat lumpy, but that is the effect you want. This will allow the spears to get toasted on all sides by the hot oven air.

Edit Warnings

  • The asparagus spears will not turn out crispy if cooked in a microwave oven.
  • Be sure to place a baking sheet underneath your wire rack to catch the crumbs as the asparagus spears are baking.

Edit Things You’ll Need

  • Bowl
  • Whisk
  • Shallow plates or bowls
  • Cutting board
  • Knife
  • Baking sheet
  • Wire rack
  • Aluminum foil (optional)
  • Serving plate

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How to Become a Lawyer in the United States

Do you want to become a lawyer? This is often one of the most difficult professions to enter due to the high competition and time required obtaining degrees, but it can be one of the most rewarding (and high-paying!) jobs out there. Here are the steps you need to take in order to become a lawyer in the United States.

Edit Steps

What To Do In High School And College

  1. Study hard. Develop and practice very good study habits, communication and reading comprehension skills.
  2. Participate in your high-school debate or mock trial team. This will help you develop skills that are essential to a career as a lawyer.
  3. Go to (and graduate from) a 4-year undergraduate college. Every law school will require you to have an undergraduate degree.
    • Maintain a high GPA. A minimum 3.0 GPA will be required for almost every law school in the country. Most colleges don’t factor your particular major into the application, so choosing a very difficult subject may be but a disadvantage since your GPA might suffer.
    • The exception is for those interested in Intellectually Property law. To sit for the Patent Bar (which is required in addition to the Bar) you will need a degree in a technical science or math. (Biology, Chemistry, Electrical Engineering, Computer Science, etc.)
    • Become familiar and cordial with a professor or two since you will need their letter of recommendation for law school. Do well in their classes and be an engaging student.

Applying for Graduate School

  1. Register and study for the Law School Admission Test (LSAT).

    • The LSAT is a half-day standardized test required for admission to all ABA-approved law schools, most Canadian law schools, and many non-ABA-approved law schools. It provides a standard measure of acquired reading and verbal reasoning skills that law schools can use as one of several factors in assessing applicants. The test is administered four times a year at hundreds of locations around the world.
    • Many students take a preparatory course to prepare them for the LSAT.
    • Although the LSAT is not often the best measure of a prospective law student’s performance in law school, many law schools place substantial weight on scores on the LSAT, often approaching the weight given to college GPA. Take the LSAT very seriously. Some schools give more attention to the LSAT than GPA.
    • If your GPA isn’t the best, you can score well on the LSAT and it will be heavily taken into account. Scoring higher is also a factor for financial aid with most schools.
    • A 180 is a perfect score on the LSAT.
    • Many law schools require the LSAT be taken by December for admission the following fall. However, taking the test earlier (June or October) is often advised.
  2. Apply to several ABA (American Bar Association)-accredited law schools. Many candidates apply to three categories of schools:
    • Wish schools (wish I could get in but probably too competitive for my credentials)
    • Middle of the road (my credentials are the same as the average student these schools admit)
    • Safety (lower tier than I would like, but a safe bet I will get in if other schools don’t come through).
  3. Choose wisely. Application fees are high. U.S. News and World Report publishes a widely followed ranking of law schools that may be worth consulting before sending applications.
  4. Resist the urge to apply to every school sending application fee waivers. These do not guarantee admission.
    • Unfortunately, some schools are trying to generate a large base of rejected applicants by waiving application fees. Doing so makes their applied vs. accepted number seem higher and their school more selective. Although some schools may actively recruit you, you should apply with common sense.

Law School

  1. Save money and form a plan for survival. Many respected full time law programs will not permit you to work your first year. Even if they allow you to, they will strongly advise against it since your program will essentially be a full-time job.

    • If you must work, you should consider a part time program.
  2. Devote yourself to the program. Expect to spend very large amounts of time reading cases, researching case law, writing detailed briefs, and preparing to answer questions in class. Join a study group with people in your program early on.
  3. Professional experience. If you have time, get a position at a law firm while you are a student that involves serving as an assistant, messenger or file clerk. At the very least, do a summer internship program. This is a great way to gain experience and build contacts for when you do graduates.
  4. Research the jurisdiction where you hope to practice. While in law school, research the requirements for bar admittance in the jurisdiction where you want to practice and fulfill those requirements. Most jurisdictions also require the Professional Responsibility Exam.

Finding Work As A Lawyer

  1. Pass a state bar exam. Typically, you take and pass the bar exam the summer after you graduate from law school. Once you pass the exam, you become a certified lawyer!
  2. Get a job. Finding a position is the most difficult part of the process since the nation is flooded with attorneys. You will find this step much easier if you have made yourself known at a law firm by having worked or interned there, as mentioned above, and graduate with excellent grades.
  3. Decide what position you want. Be aware that those who do well in law school and attend better law schools have more opportunities. Competition is intense for the best grades and best jobs.
    • Larger firms hire associates and will require extremely long hours and dedication from them.
    • Large and multi-national corporations usually recruit from the top graduates.
    • Working as a judge’s law clerk or research attorney is often desirable. Judges are very selective in whom they hire.
    • If your grades were below average, you may consider a career as a paralegal.

Beyond Academics

  1. Maintain High Ethical Standards. History has taught that great opportunities and stellar reputations belong to those individuals who observe the highest of ethical standards. It is important to always abide by the Rules of Professional Conduct. Never compromise your integrity.
  2. Find a Great Mentor. To become a great name in the legal profession, you need a mentor whose integrity matches your own personal values and with whom you can establish a rapport.
  3. Have a Genuine Concern For Your Clients. As any great lawyer will tell you, your clients should be treated with the greatest respect.
  4. Maintain Flexibility. A flexible mindset will enable you to schematically address the turns and twists you may encounter in the legal profession.
  5. Stay Up to Date. Keeping up to speed with the latest laws and changes in technological approaches will give you an edge and elevate your chances of success as a lawyer.

Edit Video

Edit Tips

  • Look for schools in your state to avoid out-of-state tuition costs.
  • Schools sometimes consider soft factors such as experience, hobbies or number of others applying from your state to enhance the diversity of their class. It’s a factor, but don’t rely on it.
  • You will need to sign up with the Law School Admissions Council, which will coordinate your scores, paperwork and recommendation letters for the application process. You must go through this agency. It isn’t an option.
  • Research other sites and find out which students with grades and LSAT’s similar to yours are getting accepted.

Edit Warnings

  • Law school is extremely stressful and time consuming. Make sure you have a good support system in place and can balance the requirements.
  • Stay out of trouble. Although a misdemeanor or a felony does not automatically prevent you from becoming a lawyer in most states, a criminal record will severely hinder your career.

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How to Make a Foam Flower

Homemade foam flowers make excellent decorations for parties. Making them is simple, so it’s a great project to do with kids. Craft stores and dollar stores carry all the supplies you need to make these colorful creations. Read on to learn how to make foam calla lilies, violets and mums.

Edit Steps

Calla Lily

  1. Cut a circle out of a sheet of foam. This will become the calla lily bloom. The circumference of the circle can be as small or as large as you want.

  2. Fold the circle in half. Make sure it’s folded neatly, so that the shape of the calla lily will turn out right.

  3. Alter the circle to create a rounded heart shape. Start by placing the scissors at the bottom point of the folded foam. Cut along the edge of the circle, then dip the scissors in at the top of the circle to make a rounded edge. when you unfold the circle, it should look like a rounded heart, with two subtle humps at the top; the bottom of the heart should remain rounded.

    • The classic heart shape has a sharply pointed bottom tip, but in this case you want to keep the bottom rounded with a slight point.

    • Don’t make the humps at the top too pronounced; they should be subtle.

  4. Make a small slit between the humps. This will make it easier to from the foam into the cylindrical shape of a calla lily bloom.

  5. Cut a yellow pipe cleaner in half, then fold it in half. Twist the two ends together. This will become the lily’s stamen, which juts realistically out from the center of the bloom.

  6. Glue the pipe cleaner in the cleft between the two humps. Put a dab of hot glue just between the two humps above the slit, and lay the folded pipe cleaner on top so that the folded end sticks up toward the point of the lily boom. The twisted ends should jut out past the cleft by about 1/2 inch.

  7. Gather the lily bloom around the pipe cleaner. Put a dab of hot glue on the front of the yellow pipe cleaner right at the cleft in the lily bloom. Take the two sides of the lily bloom (right where you made the slit) and pinch them together in front of the pipe cleaner, pressing them down so that they stick to the hot glue dab. You can add an extra dab of hot glue between the sides to help them stay in place.

  8. Make a stem out of a green pipe cleaner. Wrap the top of the pipe cleaner around the base of the yellow pipe cleaner, so that the yellow is completely obscured. Leave the tail of the green pipe cleaner straight, so it resembles a stem.


  1. Cut a circle from a purple piece of foam. Use purple foam if you want to make a violet, but other colors are fine if you’d like to make a different type of flower.

  2. Cut slits around the circle. Cut evenly-spaced slits from the edge of the circle toward the middle, stopping about 1/2 inch short of the center.

  3. Cut “v” shapes out of the petals. Lift each petal and cut an inverted “v” shape by making two diagonal cuts.

  4. Cut a small circle out of white foam. This will be the center of the flower.

  5. Glue the circle to the center. Place a dab of hot glue in the center of the violet, then stick the small white circle to the glue.

  6. Scrunch the flower petals. Pinch each flower petal in half vertically, so they stand up a bit and created a 3-D effect, rather than lying flat.

  7. Glue the stem to the back of the flower. Use a green pipe cleaner as the stem, and glue the top to the back of the flower’s center.


  1. Cut a foam square in half. Choose any color you’d like, since mums come in a variety of hues.

  2. Create a loop. Put a line of hot glue across the bottom of the foam, then stick the top of the foam sheet to the glue.

  3. Cut fringe. Cut strait lines from the folded part of the loop toward the glued edges. Stop cutting before you get to the glue line. Continue until you’ve made fringe all the way across.

  4. Roll the foam. Begin at one short edge and roll the foam to the opposite end. When the roll is complete, dab some hot glue along the opposite end and press it down against the roll. Now start with one end of the foam and begin to roll to the opposite end.

  5. Open the flower. When the glue dries, use your fingers to open the flower by pulling out the “petals.” Press each petal in the center so that it opens. Continue fluffing out the petals until the flower looks complete.

  6. Add a stem. Place a dab of glue in the center of the bottom of the mum. Lay the end of the pipe cleaner on the glue and hold it in place until the glue dries.

  7. Finished.

EditThings You’ll Need

  • Sheets of foam
  • Pipe cleaners
  • Hot glue gun and glue sticks
  • Scissors

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How to Deal with Someone Hogging the Sheets

Everyone needs sleep, and it can’t get any more perfect when you’re snuggled deep under comfortable blankets and sheets. Yet, most couples who share a bed with each other will reach a point of having to cope with the issue of one or the other hogging the sheets in the middle of the night. The sooner you’re aware of what to do, the sooner you’ll get back to a comfortable night’s sleep!

Edit Steps

Focusing on the Covers

  1. Steal back those monopolized sheets and covers. Try to pull the sheet or covers back onto you gently but firmly. A few tugs back toward your side of the bed might suffice. If not, perhaps getting out of bed and lifting up the entire sheet and covers and draping them back over both of you might be all that’s needed. If your partner is well asleep, they may simply subconsciously rearrange their sleeping position to cope with the restored covers arrangement.

  2. Be prepared for difficulties, however! There are several potential downsides to attempting this “gentle shift” of the covers back toward you:
    • Depending on how they have managed to end up with all the sheet and covers, you might find out that they wrapped themselves in a “burrito wrap”. Unfurling this is probably about as easy as unwrapping a mummy, only weightier. Unless you’re strong and gentle in just the right balance, this could end up in a tangle, with a grouchy awoken partner alongside you.

    • You may also find your partner stealing the sheet and covers back after you’ve shifted them. This can go on repeatedly, ending up in a “gimme back my covers” struggle throughout the night. Hardly conducive to a good night’s sleep!

  3. Purchase a bigger flat sheet and cover, or even multiple covers. Discuss the issue with your significant other first and explain what has been happening at night; be kind, as many people don’t realize their strength when asleep and cold! Buying flat sheets and covers that are larger than your mattress size is not unusual by any means and is an excellent way around the problem of both bed users wanting to snuggle into lots of the cover. Indeed, bedding suppliers often stock separate flat and fitted sheets, just for this reason, to allow you to fit the mattress correctly but use a larger flat sheet on top.

    • For example, if you have a queen size bed, purchase a king size flat sheet and duvet/blanket/other bedding covers. All that extra length at the sides turns into separate snuggle zones!
  4. Alternatively, buy separate covers. This solution means that both of you will have your own covers, even if the sheet is hogged. Extra covers ensure you that the other person won’t be able to steal the entire amount of warm bedding and you will still have something left to cover yourself with.

Getting Closer

  1. Snuggle up with your partner. Try to wedge yourself inside the sheets behind them, so that you can actually get some cover. This is great for free heat exchange, and it’ll keep both of you snug. Be sure to pull your pillow close too, so that you’re not pushing your partner’s head off their pillow.

    • If your partner is in a deep sleep, be careful! They may not realize you’re so close and might accidentally elbow you when shuffling in their sleep.
    • Overheating, pins and needles or difficulty with breathing can ensue if you’re stuck in an awkward position or up too close with your partner under all those covers! Shuffle back to your spot if you’re uncomfortable.

Nudging Your Partner

  1. Wake up your partner, but not in a way that disturbs their sleep. You may give them a gentle nudge, just to help shift them out of their deep sleep. Then, quickly take your chance at getting the sheet and covers back while they’re shuffling and drifting back to sleep.

Rearranging the Beds

  1. Push two smaller beds together. As the very last resort, if you’re both experiencing severe bed issues, this may be the way to go to solve it. Each one of you will be guaranteed the same bed area needed for a perfect night’s sleep and you’ll each successfully have the exact amount of sheet and covers without having to worry about any more hogging.

Edit Tips

  • If you’re not into getting separate sheets, tuck a good amount of sheet underneath you and use your body weight on it. This will make it harder for the other person to steal back the covers.
  • Always talk about the issue when it first starts out. Don’t wait until it becomes a severe issue and then finding yourself using, “Well, this has been going on for some time”, as a defensive ploy in your favor. Many people don’t realize it happens in the first place.
  • Consider keeping a sleeping bag on standby for really cold nights!

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How to Make a Duct Tape Pencil Case

Do you have some colorful duct tape left over after making a wallet or other project? Why not use it to create and decorate your own custom pencil case? These also make creative gift ideas and it is very simple!!

Edit Steps

  1. Gather the pens and pencils you’d like to carry in your case. You can make this design to size, if you know what size you’d like.
  2. Choose two colors of duct tape. You can do this project in just one color, but if you have a second color, you can make a contrasting liner. We’ll call the two colors the liner color (shown here in green) and the cover color (shown here in blue). If you want you can personalize it, try using different colors of tape, stickers, craft foam and pipe cleaners.
  3. Make a piece of duct tape fabric that is a little wider than your selection of pens and pencils. Put the liner color on one side and the cover color on the other side. The liner color should be about the width you want the finished pencil case. The cover tape should about about half an inch or 1-1.5cm wider than the liner tape.
    • Make this fabric 2-3 times as long as the longest pencil you want to hold. You can trim the length later.
  4. Trim or arrange the cover tape so that it extends about half an inch or 1-1.5cm to either side of the liner duct tape, and leave the sticky side of the cover tape exposed. Trim the edges straight or use the edges of the tape, since you will fold these sides in later to create a border around your liner.
  5. Fold the bottom end up to form the pocket. Trim the bottom end straight across and cover it with another piece of tape, if you wish. Cut off the sticky flaps up to the fold. Don’t stick it yet.
  6. Make an upper strap or loop. You could bring the lower pocket all the way up, or you could fold a strip of tape in three and put it near the top. If you want to clip pens over this strip or the pocket, line up the pens and see where the clip falls. Trim this strip to the width of the liner color and set it loosely in place.
  7. Fold up the bottom pocket again.
  8. Fold the sticky side flaps in and stick them down over both the bottom pocket and the upper loop. Fold them evenly, the length of the fabric.
  9. Put your pens or pencils in the pocket and check the size. When working with duct tape, you can lift it for the first few days. After that, don’t count on changing anything.
  10. Fold the top flap down. Decide where you want the fold. You may want to leave a little extra length in case you ever get a pen or pencil that’s a bit taller than the ones you have now.
  11. Trim the end of the top flap so that it will stick into the bottom pocket. The easiest way is to cut a straight line on a slight angle, but if you want to cut a bit of a curve, you can.
  12. Fold short pieces of tape over the sides and end of the flap and any exposed edges. If you curved the end of the top flap, you’ll need to cut little slits in the duct tape on one side to relieve it so it will stick flat. Here, there’s another bit of tape to line the tab
  13. Reinforce the bottom of the pocket with another piece of tape if you want.
  14. Put your pens and pencils in the case, fold the flap over, tuck it in, enjoy and have fun!

Edit Tips

  • One way to cut a fairly straight edge on duct tape is to stick it to your table so it hangs over the edge. Guide the scissors along the edge of the table.
  • You can also use this to hold your makeup or beauty utensils.
  • When you’re finished, you can get the “stickem” off the scissors and the table by pressing one more strip of duct tape against it and pulling it off, also you could use it for knitting needles.
  • It’s a bit more work, but if you know how to sew, you could make a similar pouch out of fabric. Try that chunk of denim you cut off your old jeans to make shorts. You don’t need a liner fabric, but if you want one, use a piece of thin, woven cotton, thinner than denim.
  • If you want to make a bigger one add more duct tape to make it wider and store erasers in the bottom pocket or add another one.
  • This is also useful for school pencils and pens. It won’t fit much, but if you wanted to put a couple of pencils and a pen in there for just one specific class then it would work perfect!
  • Make one for your crochet.

    Make one for your crochet.

    This case is also excellent for carrying a selection of crochet hooks and a tapestry needle. It could make crochet a regular part of your travel craft kit.

Edit Warnings

  • Use appropriate caution when choosing work spaces. Duct tape is very sticky and will leave a sticky residue if left on surface for too long.
  • Use appropriate caution when working with scissors.

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How to Draw a Spider

Learn how to draw a spider by following this step-by-step tutorial.

Edit Steps

Method One: A Cartoon Spider

  1. Draw a small circle for the spider’s head and add a bigger circle for the body.

  2. Draw two oblongs in front of the head for the pedipalps.

  3. Draw four zigzag lines on one side of the spider for its legs.

  4. Draw the same zigzag lines on the opposite side of the spider.

  5. Draw two small circles for the eyes of the spider.

  6. Darken the outline for the spider’s body.

  7. Draw the spider’s legs using the zigzag lines as guide.

  8. Make the spider hairy by sketching short small strokes on its head and body. Darken the spider’s eyes.

  9. Erase unnecessary lines and color the drawing.

Method Two: A Simple Spider

  1. Draw an oblong for the spider’s body. Sketch a square shape with soft edges for the head.

  2. Draw four curved lines extending away from the spider’s body. Leave markers on the spider’s legs using circles and small lines for later guide in drawing the details of the legs.

  3. Repeat the same steps in Step 2 for the opposite side of the spider’s body.

  4. Add details to the spider’s body and head. Draw the spinnnerets on the rear part of the spider’s body.

  5. Add details to the spider’s legs by thickening it to add volume and note that its legs are separated in segments.

  6. Copy the same steps you did for the legs, on the opposite side.

  7. Draw the spider’s eyes using tiny circles and the pedipalp by sketching a protruded shape anterior to the head.

  8. Erase unnecessary lines and add small random strokes on the spider’s abdomen.

  9. Color the drawing.

Method Three: A Tarantula

  1. Draw semi-circle for the abdomen.

  2. Draw smaller semi-circle for the head.

  3. Draw two ovals on the head for the mouth.

  4. Draw a series of ovals for the palp of the tarantula.

  5. Draw the feet using a combination of lines and curves.

  6. Add ovals on the feet of the tarantula.

  7. Based on the outline, draw the main parts of the tarantula.

  8. Draw the eyes by placing eight dots on the head and add hair all over the tarantula

  9. Erase the unnecessary outlines.

  10. Color your tarantula!

Method Four: A Black Widow Spider

  1. Draw a big oval for the abdomen followed by a smaller oval for the head.

  2. Draw the four pairs of line combinations for the feet.

  3. Draw the two triangles on the abdomen for the “hourglass” on the spider .

  4. Draw eight dots for the eyes and two sharp lines for the mouth.

  5. Based on the outline, draw the main parts of the black widow spider.

  6. Erase the unnecessary outlines.

  7. Color your black widow spider!

Edit Things You’ll Need

  • Paper
  • Pencil
  • Pencil sharpener
  • Eraser gum
  • Colored pencils, crayons, markers or watercolors

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How to Play Candy Crush Saga

Candy Crush Saga is a candy-themed game that is very similar to Bejeweled in that both games have similar goals and are addictive. Once you begin playing, it’s hard to stop. Here are some steps you can follow either on your smartphone or on Facebook to get started.

Edit Steps

The Absolute Basics

  1. Get familiar with the game board. When you start a game, you will see the game board in front of you, covered in candies. Notice how the candies sit in specific places and the area behind them is kind of gray? The gray area where the candies sit is the game board. You will only be able to move candies in those areas (which means if there is a hole in the game board, you cannot move candies across it).

    • You will also see your bonuses at the top (discussed below), and your target score for that particular game.
    • Below or to the side, you will see Moves with a number. This is the number of actions you are allowed to take before the game ends. The game ends not when you reach a particular score but either when you run out of moves or you accomplish the goal of the individual game.
    • You will also see a score progress bar. Every time you crush candies (as discussed below), you’ll earn points. These points will help you progress through the levels. If you do not earn enough points over the course of completing a level, you will lose a life. Lose too many lives and you’ll be forced to go back to the start of that section of the game. Lives can be viewed on the larger game screen, where your progress through the levels is shown.
  2. Match sets of 3 or more candies. The game is played by swiping candies, in any direction (so long as it is not blocked), to create sets of 3 or more matching candies. When matched, the candies will crush and shift the candies above them, allowing you to accomplish a series of different goals. If you create sets greater than 3, you will create candy combinations. These are powerful candy crushing machines which work in a variety of ways.[1]

    • If you match four candies, a special candy will be created which will burst an entire row if matched as part of another set of 3 or more.
    • If you match 5 or more candies in a T or L shape, you will create a wrapped candy. These explode the square of candies surrounding that tile (when matched) and then explode a subsequent 3×3 block wherever they settle.
    • If you match 5 candies in a single row, you’ll create color bombs. These look like balls of chocolate covered in sprinkles. These will crush all candies on the board of the same color as the candy you swap them with. They do not need to be merged into a set of three. Choose which color they crush wisely.
    • You can also match any two special candies with each other. This will produce a variety of effects. Combining striped and wrapped candies and stripes and color bombs are especially productive, as this will clear a large number of candies.
  3. Use your boosters. You can earn a few of the boosters in the beginning of the game. You can also purchase most boosters within the game using actual money. These can help you win a level when you’re too frustrated or unable to continue. Be careful how you use them, however, as you never know when you’ll need one. Be strategic.

    • There are boosters which add moves, the lollipop hammer (which crushes the desired candy on the board), shuffle candy (which will rearrange the board), among a number of other boosters. They should be explained as you earn them, though almost all you will have to buy.
  4. Reach the set goal in the game. Each level will have a set goal. This can be reaching a specific number of points, destroying a specific set of tiles (jelly-covered tiles), or other goals like forcing items to fall to the bottom.

  5. Progress through the levels. You will play a series of games, each with a different game board and many with different goals, which will progress you across the levels. The game is split into sections of 15 levels. In order to progress to the next section of level you will have to acquire tickets (3, to be exact). These can be given by your friends who play Candy Crush or you will need to purchase them.

Strategies to Win

  1. Eliminate complicated or dangerous candies from the board first. There are some tiles, like bombs or chocolate, which should alway be eliminated first if they exist on the board these will inhibit your progress or cause you to lose. Bombs end the game is not eliminated in the move limit specified on their face, while chocolate will multiply if not destroyed.[2]

  2. Pay attention to the edges of the game board. You will have many levels where the game board is not a perfect rectangle, or includes a number of gaps in the board. You will need to plan around these gaps and they can make it incredibly difficult to make paired sets.

  3. Reshuffle the board if it looks too challenging. Once you become better acquainted with the game, you will be able to tell when a game board will be too difficult to complete. You can reshuffle the board using boosters or by exiting the game before you do any moves.

  4. Get your friends to play the game. The best strategy to progress in the game is to get your friends to play. It is a social game and there will be a variety of benefits to having your friends play. Friends can give you boosters, the tickets needed to progress through the levels, as well as a variety of other benefits.

  5. Largely ignore the suggestions the game makes. The game will make move suggestions if you idle for too long. These suggestions are random and it will usually be in your best interest to ignore them. If you don’t have a time limit, take the time to find out if there is a better move available. If you are only trying to increase points before a time limit runs out, take the game’s suggestion.

Edit Tips

  • Here is a list of the candies you will find in each level:

    • An orange hard-boiled candy
    • A red jellybean
    • A purple or pink flower jelly
    • A dark blue lolly-pop
    • A yellow lemon drop
    • A green bubblegum square
  • Some levels will have different goals that you must reach, including the following:
    • Reaching the target score in the limited moves you are allotted.
    • Reaching the target score within the time limit.
    • Clearing all the jelly. Note that some have 2-3 layers of jelly.
    • Reaching the ingredients by clearing a path through the candy.
    • Collecting orders.

Edit Warnings

  • If you do not log in with your Facebook account, you may have to pay a small fee in order to get more lives once you’ve lost them if you do not want to wait the designated time.

Edit Things You’ll Need

  • A smartphone or computer
  • A Facebook account

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How to Perform Astral Projection

Astral projection refers to an out-of-body-experience (OBE) during which the soul leaves the physical body and travels to the astral plane, which is said to be an intermediate world between heaven and earth. People often experience this state during illness or when involved in a near death experience, but it is also possible to practice astral projection at will. This article contains instructions on how to get started.

Edit Steps

Prepare the Body and Mind for Astral Projection

  1. Start in the morning. Rather than practicing astral projection at night, right before you go to sleep, start in the early morning hours when you’re still drowsy. Some say that it’s easier to reach the necessary state of relaxation and heightened awareness around dawn.

  2. Create the right atmosphere. Astral projection requires a state of deep relaxation, so it should be performed in a part of your home where you’re completely comfortable. Lie on your bed or sofa and relax your body.

    • It’s easier to perform astral projection alone than it is with someone else in the room. If you usually sleep with a partner, choose a room other than the bedroom to practice astral projection.
    • Draw the shades or curtains and rid the room of distracting noises. Any type of interruption could disrupt the state of relaxation you need to achieve.
  3. Lie down and relax. Position yourself on your back in your chosen room. Close your eyes and try to clear your mind of distracting thoughts. Concentrate on your body and how it feels. The goal is to achieve a state of complete mind and body relaxation.

    • Flex your muscles and then loosen them. Start with your toes and work your way up your body, gradually making your way to your head. Make sure every muscle is completely relaxed when you are through.
    • Breathe deeply and exhale completely. Don’t hold tension in your chest and shoulders.
    • Focus your mind on your breathing. Don’t get carried away with thoughts of outside worries, and don’t get preoccupied yet with the idea of your soul projecting from your body. Just let yourself sink into relaxation.

Move the Soul from the Body

  1. Reach a hypnotic state. Let your body and mind approach sleep, but don’t completely lose consciousness. Being at the edge of wakefulness and sleep, a hypnotic state, is necessary for astral projection to occur. Hypnotize yourself using the following method:

    • Keeping your eyes closed, let your mind wander to a part of your body, such as your hand, foot or a single toe.

    • Focus on the body part until you can visualize it perfectly, even with your eyes closed. Continue focusing until all other thoughts fall away.

    • Use your mind to flex your body part, but do not physically move it. Visualize your toes curling and uncurling, or your fingers clenching and unclenching, until it seems as though they are physically moving.

    • Broaden your focus to the rest of your body. Move your legs, your arms, and your head using only your mind. Keep your focus steady until you’re able to move your whole body in your mind alone.
  2. Enter a state of vibration. Many report feeling vibrations, which come in waves at different frequencies, as the soul prepares to leave the body. Don’t be afraid of the vibrations, since the presence of fear might cause you to leave your meditative state; instead, succumb to the vibrations as your soul prepares to leave your body.

  3. Use your mind to move your soul from your body. Imagine in your mind the room in which you are lying. Move your body in your mind to stand up. Look around yourself. Get up off the bed and walk across the room, then turn around and look at your body on the bed.

    • Your OBO is successful if you feel as though you are gazing upon your body from across the room, and that your conscious self is now separate from your body.
    • It takes a lot of practice to get to this point. If you have trouble completely lifting your soul from your body, try lifting just a hand or a leg at first. Keep practicing until you’re able to move across the room.
  4. Return to your body. Your soul always remains connected to your body with an invisible force, sometimes referred to as a “silver cord.” Let the force guide your soul back to your body. Reenter your body. Move your fingers and toes – physically, not just in your mind – and let yourself regain full consciousness.

Explore the Astral Plane

  1. Confirm that you are projecting your soul from your body. Once you have mastered the act of projecting your soul from your body in the same room, you will want to confirm that you were indeed in two separate planes.

    • Next time you practice astral projection, don’t turn around to look at your body. Instead, leave the room and walk into another room in the house.

    • Examine an object in the other room, something that you had never noticed before in the physical sense. Make a mental note of its color, shape and size, paying attention to as many details as possible.

    • Return to your body. Physically go into the room you previously projected yourself into. Walk to the article you examined during the astral travel. Can you confirm the details you noted when you explored the object with your mind?
  2. Explore further. During subsequent astral projection sessions, go to locations that are less and less familiar to you. Each time, note details that you had never noticed before. After each session, physically verify the details. After a few trips, you will be experienced enough to travel to locations that are completely unfamiliar with the confidence that you have actually performed astral projection.

  3. Always return to your body. Some say that astral projection is dangerous, especially when one gets enough practice to explore unfamiliar places. The thrill of having an OBE keeps some people out of their bodies for long periods of time, which is said to weaken the silver cord. Be sure to stay aware of your body back at home while your soul is projected elsewhere.

    • The silver cord can never be broken, but it is said that your soul can be delayed from reentering your body if you spend too much energy outside of it.
    • Some say that demons can inhabit the body while the soul is being projected. If you fear this may happen, protect your body by blessing the room with a prayer before you perform projection.

Edit Tips

  • Beliefs play the largest part in Astral Projection. If you believe that you are going to be possessed, you may feel like you are possessed. If you feel like your “silver-cord” is “weak” and that you can’t return, you will feel stuck. Feelings and thoughts are instantly manifested in the Astral Plane, anything you think/fear can seem to happen. Keep your thoughts positive. Don’t try to Astral Project after watching a scary movie.
  • You cannot be hurt mentally/physically by something in the Astral Plane while having an OBE.
  • Feel free to walk anywhere you would like. But do not go too far your first few times. If you are new to an astral plane, walk/fly to closer locations first.
  • It’s best not to be mentally or physically tired when attempting astral projection, as you will find it hard to concentrate. Drowsy morning feelings work better than being tired after a long day.
  • Try not to be scared on your first time it will seem to become harder to go back to your body.

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How to Recognize That Someone Is Drowning

It’s often not obvious that a person is drowning. In reality, many people who get into trouble in the water usually lack the strength or time to shout, wave arms or do the usual things that you might think a drowning person would try to do to draw attention. Instead, an involuntary reaction known as the Instinctive Drowning Response kicks in to try and gain air and leverage for the drowning victim, but in a very quiet way that often goes unnoticed by those watching on. For the sake of your own family, friends and community, it’s useful to know how to spot a potentially drowning person in time.

Edit Steps

Understanding the Instinctive Drowning Response

  1. Wipe the Hollywood version of drowning from your memory bank. Television and movie portrayals of drowning tend to overplay the actions of the drowning person, showing shouting, arm waving, splashing and other active means for drawing attention. In reality, drowning happens quickly and often quietly, with most headlines about victims reading “companions/parents failed to notice”. The silent, fast and non-splashing reality of most drownings is due to the “Instinctive Drowning Response”, which causes a drowning person to focus solely on trying to breathe, leaving no time for calling out or arm waving. The person does not usually look as if he or she is drowning to onlookers, and sadly, this reality has resulted in people (especially children) drowning right in front of potential rescuers.
  2. Understand the Instinctive Drowning Response. This response was summarized by Mario Vittone and Francesco A. Pia, PhD in their article “How to Recognize the Instinctive Drowning Response”.[1] The Instinctive Drowning Response will cause the following actions in a drowning person:
    • Breathing as quickly as possible whenever the mouth actually manages to go above water. This means there is no time to shout, only time to breathe as fast as possible. The breathing action takes precedence over any vocal ability.
    • The arms will extend to the sides, in an attempt to try and get above the water. Then the arms will actually press down, to try and gain lift up and out of the water for the mouth to breathe. This doesn’t leave time or energy for waving arms above the head.
    • A drowning person is not in control of his or her motions. The arms and the attempts to breathe are both involuntary actions to save the victim from drowning. This means that there is no time to think about voluntary actions to draw attention to the act of drowning. In fact, this even excludes the ability to voluntarily reach for a piece of rescue gear!
    • If the Instinctive Drowning Response takes over, the drowning person won’t kick to support their body. The body is upright in the water, and the arms are doing all the work to try and stay afloat. Within 20 to 60 seconds, the person will submerge if not rescued.
      Print this image out and take it on vacation; teach everyone on your vacation these signs while in the car/plane/bus on the way to your destination.

      Print this image out and take it on vacation; teach everyone on your vacation these signs while in the car/plane/bus on the way to your destination.

Spotting a Drowning Person

  1. Be able to tell the difference between the Instinctive Drowning Response and Aquatic Distress. While still potentially life threatening and requiring a rescue response, aquatic distress is not involuntary. The person recognizes that he or she is in trouble, is worried about drowning, but at this stage still has the ability to make noise, grab rescue equipment if offered and will likely be kicking to stay afloat. This phase won’t last long but if you can get an object to the victim or get to the victim during this phase, the victim will likely be responsive to the help.

    • Aquatic distress may or may not be visible in children. The reality though, is that children tend to struggle less than adults and may even appear to be doing the “dog paddle”.[2] Don’t be lulled into expecting a child to make any response if he or she is drowning!
  2. Know how to spot a drowning person. Now that you understand the Instinctive Drowning Response, be aware of the following signs that may indicate a person is experiencing it when in the water (note, the depth does not matter, drowning can occur in shallow water as much as in deep water):
    • The victim’s head is constantly low in the water and his or her mouth stays at water level
    • The head may be tilted backward, with the mouth open
    • The eyes may be glassy, empty-looking and failing to focus; or, they may be closed
    • Hair may flop over the face, forehead, eyes (and the victim makes no attempt to remove it)
    • The victim fails to kick with or move their legs; he or she is vertical (not swimming or floating)
    • The victim may be breathing very quickly (hyperventilating) or gasping for air
    • Attempts to swim may be noticeable but the victim fails to get anywhere
    • The victim may try to roll over on his or her back
    • It may seem as if the person is trying to climb an invisible ladder–-this is the attempt to get above and out of the water
    • The victim is quiet––this is especially relevant to children as most children are noisy during water play
    • Be aware that toddlers/small children are top heavy and may lose their footing very quickly in shallow water (such as wading pool depth), which will cause them to float.[3]

Rescuing a Drowning Person

  1. If you are near a person showing any of the above signs, talk to them. Ask quickly: “Are you all right?” An answer will mean that they are probably okay, although they may be panicking and you can still go to their aid. No answer, a blank stare or continuation of any of the actions from the above list mean that you need to respond immediately to get them to safety, within 30 seconds.

    • Even if the person seems to be treading water and looking up at you, ask them if they are they okay. This upright state is a classic position prior to submerging!
    • Put safety before concerns about embarrassment, offense or inconvenience. It is better to seem overly cautious than to avoid asking a simple question.
  2. Rescue the drowning victim. For details on what to do to rescue a drowning person, see further How to save a drowning victim.

Edit Video

This video shows just how fast and quiet drowning really is.

Edit Tips

  • If you pursue water sports (diving, swimming, water skiing, sailing, etc.), have children under your care, teach or marshal water activities/events, or undertake activities (work or leisure) near or on water, you need to memorize the above signs of a drowning person. This knowledge can mean all the difference between the victim surviving or drowning, and there is a very small window of rescue of time, between 20 to 60 seconds once the person submerges.
  • Be aware of local conditions. Currents, rips, king tides, eddies, snags, etc., are all signs that the water is not safe to enter. If someone has entered with such conditions, help them to get to safety quickly if possible.
  • Be vigilant if you are rescuing people by directing them to get into water. In some situations, you may require people to get into water for their safety, such as when a boat is on fire or sinking, or for similar reasons. In this case, someone must be tasked with keeping an eye on those in the water, especially where shock, panic, injury or illness affects the swimmers. Always try to get life jackets onto people being rescued in such a situation.

Edit Warnings

  • Without fail, always investigate why a child (infant to teen ages) has gone quiet when near or in water. Most children make noise when playing in water, and going quiet (including failing to splash about) is a sign of danger.[4]
  • Fence your pool. If you have a backyard pool, keep it fenced so that children cannot wander in unattended. There is nothing to alert you to a toddler who wanders out the back door of the house while you’re inside and goes into the pool; the fence is your only safety measure.

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